Youth, Fight!

Every year thousands of graduates are turn out for
whom there are no jobs. Nigerian streets are
littered with youth hawker and roamabout who
ordinarily would have found gainful employment in
some enterprises; or would have demonstrated
their skills and resourcefulness if there are enabling
environments and reliable management structures
on ground. Nigerian Unemployment can be graded
into two categories: first, the older unemployed
who lost their jobs through retrenchment,
redundancy, or bankruptcy; and second, the
younger unemployed, most of whom have never
been employed! But for the purpose of this paper,
the latter shall solely be our swivel of deliberation.
Awake (1983) stated that meaningful employment
could bring happiness, makes one wanted and
needed. It further argued that people acquire
certain skills so that they could be employed and
be able to provide for their needs and that of the
family, but unemployment seems to step in and
dash this hope. For the purpose of this paper, I
shall majorly dwell more on Youth unemployment
in our Nation.
UNEMPLOYMENT ā€“ Refers to a socio-economic
situation in which persons who have no work are
able and willing to work and also actively seeking
for work have no work.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) defines
the unemployed as numbers of the economically
active population who are without work but
available for and seeking work, including people
who have lost their jobs and those who have
voluntarily left work (World Bank, 1998:63).
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT: Could be described as
the conglomerate of youths with diverse
background, willing and able to work, but cannot
find any; or cannot find the type of job that they
are trained to do, and which they will be proud to
do as their area of expertise.
CRIME ā€“ Refers to any wrong which affects the
interest of the society as a whole and for which the
offender is liable to punishment.
POVERTY ā€“ This is the deprivation of the basic
necessities of life. A state where individuals lack
food, shelter ad clothing is termed poverty.
Unemployment now creates a serious problem in
the society. It affects the economic and socio-
political life of the society. In other countries in
North African like Tunisia, Egypt and Libya where
dictators have held sway for over three decades,
people have revolted against the system. Though
these countries can be said to be less democratic
than Nigeria, yet the living condition of the people
in real economic terms is better (Abati Reuben).
Unemployment Rate in Nigeria as reported by the
National Bureau of Statistics 31.1% in 2000; 13.6%
in 2001; 12.6% in 2002; 14.8% in 2003; 13.4% in
2004; 11.9% in 2005; 13.7% in 2006; 14.6% in
2007; 14.9% in 2008 and 19.7% in 2009. Nigeria
Unemployment Rate averaged 14.60 Percent from
2006 until 2011, reaching an all time high of 23.90
Percent in December of 2011 and a record low of
5.30 Percent in December of 2006. It was recently
On the 9th of May, The Statistician-General,
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Dr. Yemi Kale,
put the current rate of unemployment in Nigeria at
23.9 per cent. This is just only to hope if it is not
another achieved progress on paper. In
Nigeria, the unemployment rate measures the
number of people actively looking for a job as a
percentage of the labour force. It is a known truth
that Poverty/youth unemployment rates remain
high in Nigeria, particularly in the rural areas….
World Bank in its ‘Nigeria Economic Report’ May,
2013. Nigeria has been experiencing is growth
without development in infrastructure, human
capital and social needs. There is just no way a
country experiencing high inflation, unemployment
and poverty can be said to be developing even if
its economic growth is in double digits. A rich
Nation full of poor people, over 70percent of the
Nigerian populace live below the poverty line as a
direct implication of massive unemployment, over
40million are unemployed!
Just recently over 150 thousand Nigerians jostled
for a job where only about less than 5000 opening
are available. Sadly, some even lost their lives in
the process! No gain saying that youths who are
idly the strength of the Nation had/have found
themselves using such energies exhibiting heinous
crimes… Boko Haram insurgency, kidnapping,
yahoo yahoo (Internet free fraud), political
thuggery, armed robbery, motor park touts among
many other. The Government has only the mission
of building empires for their sons, wives and
mistress, even the ones yet on born. All these at
the detriment of job creation. Most female youths
looking for jobs must have strong PR’s (have
sexual relations with the boss) before getting
employed, some won’t even get it after such
submissions. We all know that most of the best
brains produced on the green land has found their
ways to ‘greener pasture’ where their potentials
are fully exploited with good jobs and brighter
future. Those who would have aided the growth of
our dear Nation, Nigeria are doing so with other
Nations. Hmmmm!
The bitter truth is that our educational system has
encouraged over reliance on the Government for
Job seeking applicant. We must move away from
that paradigm if we must attain successful
heights. Youths must begin to fight, not physically!
Intellectually to better their lives via job creations…
Think! Think! Think! Though, might not be easy but
with prayers, determination, doggedness, fighting
spirit, it can be achievable. Fight for your future, be
innovative, be employers of labour… No matter
how little, start something! Who says in few years
you can’t loan money to the Government? Last
year I interviewed with NTA Ado-Ekiti and the
interviewer asked that as leaders of tomorrow… I
told him we YOUTHS ain’t leaders of tomorrow
keep fighting until we make better things out of
Be good.
Oyewole Michael Rolex
Writes from Ado-Ekiti


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